Co-firing power plant

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Bioenergy > Technologies > Thermochemical technologies > Co-firing power plant


Cofiring refers to the combustion of two different types of materials at the same time. In terms of bioenergy, it refers to the burning of a solid or gas biofuel along with a more traditional fuel. Cofiring power plants usually refer to coal power plants that burn solid biomass, wood, agricultural waste etc., along with coal. It can also refer to plants that use a mix of natural gas and biogas. Because burning biomass is carbon neutral, cofiring reduces the amount of greenhouse gases that are released. Also, cofiring can be used to lower the emission of some pollutants. For example, cofiring biomass with coal results in less sulfur emissions than burning coal by itself. The main advantage of cofiring is that it can be done in existing power plants with little or no modification, allowing for comparatively inexpensive and rapid reductions in greenhouse gases.

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Types of Cofiring

There are basically three types of coal cofiring.

  1. Direct cofiring is simplest, cheapest and most common form. Biomass fuel and coal are burned together in the same furnace, using the same or separate mills and burners depending on the biomass fuel characteristics.
  2. Indirect cofiring, a biomass gasifier can be used to convert solid biomass into a clean fuel gas form, which can be burned in the same furnace as coal. The advantages of indirect cofiringa are that a wider range of biomass fuels can be used and impurities can be removed from the fuel gas before it is burned. Only a few plants of this kind are in use.
  3. Completely separate biomass boilers

(source: IEABCC)

Cofired Plants

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Solid biofuels: Wood | Char/Charcoal | Biomass pellets
Technologies: Co-firing power plants

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