The Philippines

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Bioenergy > Regions > Asia > The Philippines

Information about biofuels and bioenergy in The Philippines.






  • The Philippine Energy Plan. The President's Energy Plan aims to make the country 60% energy independent by 2010. Promotion of alternative fuels, including biodiesel and bioethanol, is one of the five components of the plan.
  • The Biofuel Act of 2006
    • Mandates a minimum 1% biodiesel blend into all diesel engine fuels, which increases to 2% after two years.
    • Mandates a minimum 5% bioethanol blend into all gasoline fuel distributed and sold in the country within two years, going up to 10% after 4 years. (source: Philippine DOE)
  • Philippine DOE Coco-Biodiesel Program - This is the first large-scale program making biodiesel out of coconut oil.
  • The Government has just announced a 1 billion peso investment in biodiesel production, primarily from jatropha.
    1. An initial 700,000 hectares of jatropha production
    2. A 1 million ton (50,000 BPD) biodiesel refinery
    3. A fuel refinery with a capacity of 50,000 barrels per day from low-rank coal and
    4. a biofuel central terminal facility (BCTF).
    • Most of the planned biofuel plantations will be located in Mindanao, the country's poorest province, where refineries with a capacity of 60,000 to 240,000 tonnes will be built at the center of growing areas with a hectarage of 30,000 to 120,000 hectares respectively.

(source: biopact.comand PNOC)


  • Sweet sorghum eyed as biofuel, 23 April 2011 by "A group of international scientists and crops experts based in India agreed on Saturday to help boost the production of sweet sorghum in a province of the Philippines as an alternative source of energy or biofuel."
    • "The Indian experts will team up with Pemdas Energy Corporation, based here, and the Pampanga Agricultural College (PAC) for the planting and mass production of sweet sorghum."[1]
  • Small-scale biofuels production holds more promise, says USAID, 21 June 2009 by BusinessMirror: "Decentralized biofuel production, or small-scale factories built on degraded or underused lands, has the potential to provide energy to half a billion people living in poverty in rural Asia."
    • " The report, Biofuels in Asia: An Analysis of Sustainability Options…focused on China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. It analyzed key trends and concerns and highlighted sustainability options for biofuel production."
    • "Compared with large-scale biofuels production, small-scale biofuels production for local use may deliver greater social benefits, including improvement of rural livelihoods, support of local industries, and a lower tendency toward exploitation of workers and co-opting of land from indigenous peoples."
  • Korean firms set to invest $475M on biofuel plants, 29 May 2009 by BusinessWorld: Manila, Philippines--local firms sign "an agreement with South Korean companies to put up two biofuel plants costing a combined $475 million."
    • Two agreements signed for bioethanol and biodiesel production.
    • "...bioethanol producer Enviro Plasma, Ltd. and Central Luzon Bioenergy Corp. will put up a 500,000-liter per day bioethanol plant worth $300 million in Clark, Pampanga with sugarcane feedstock from 46,000 hectares of plantation..."
    • "South Korean biodiesel producer Eco Solutions Co., Ltd. and partner Eco Global Bio-Oils, Inc. will invest $175 million to put up a biodiesel plant capable of producing 100,000 liters of biodiesel per day...Eco Solutions had committed to invest at least 100,000 hectares to plant jatropha".
  • DOE to accredit five biofuels facilities, 4 January 2009 by BusinessMirror (Philippines):
    • "In a report, the DOE said the new plants will ensure adequate local supply [of] biofuels and meet the mandated higher biofuels blend."
    • "Energy Secretary Angelo Reyes said the National Biofuels Board (NBB) will continue to monitor the developments in the emerging biofuels industry".
    • "The DOE said that biodiesel demand stood at 81 million liters last year and is projected to grow to 168 million liters this year." [2]
  • Betting fortunes in the Philippines on biofuel boom 4 December 2006 from the Philippine Daily Inquirer. Chemrez Technologies Inc. is hoping that demand for alternative fuel, especially biodiesel, will grow rapidly in coming years. The company recently shifted its focus from producing industrial chemicals to the production of biodiesel with coconut oil as its main raw material. Although coconut oil is the second most expensive type of additive at about $617 per metric ton on the world market, just slightly lower than rapeseed oil's $669/MT and substantially more than the cheapest type, palm oil, at only $442/MT, it can increase fuel efficiency by "anywhere from 5 percent to 25 percent". The coconut oil additive in the diesel fuel helps it burn faster, more efficiently, and at lower temperatures, making fuel combustion easier. The company hopes that cost-saving from increased mileage will offset the higher prices.
  • Philippines Conference Committee OKS Biofuels Act 24 November, 2006 from the Philippine Daily Inquirer. A congressional bicameral conference committee yesterday approved the proposed Biofuels Act of 2006 which requires the use of clean alternative fuels. The bill will now be sent to President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo for her signature. Within two years from the effectivity of the law, gasoline fuel should contain at least 5 percent bioethanol, which would be increased to 10 percent four years after the law is passed. A minimum of 1 percent biodiesel would be blended into all diesel engine fuels, which would increase to 2% after two years.
  • Philippine's biofuels project gets P$1 billion funding 9 November 2006 from the Manila Standard. "A P1-billion fund has been earmarked for the development of the biofuel industry, using jatropha (tubang bakod) as a fuel source. The Philippine National Oil Company Petrochemicals Corp. and the National Development Co. will each contribute P500 million to the project"

International Cooperation Activities


Governmental organizations

  • Philippine National Oil Company - Alternative Fuels Corporation (PNOC-AFC) A new unit of the Government oil company.
    • They are planning a bagasse fueled cogeneration plant.
    • They are also "eyeing Samsung Corporation of Korea as strategic partner in the establishment of an integrated jatropha plantation and biofuel refinery plant in the country".
    • The Company estimates the 120,000-hectare jatropha plantation at P6 billion and the 200,000-metric ton biofuel refinery at P2.23 billion.
    • The company has ongoing negotiations with other prospective joint venture partners.
  • The National Development Company (NDC) is a Government-owned corporation (Needs more information)

Nongovernmental organizations


  • Chemrez Inc. Produces Bio-diesel and diesel additives from coconut oil, as well as oleochemicals.

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