Types of renewable energy
- 28-30 March 2012, Sofia, Bulgaria: 8th South-East European Congress & Exhibition on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Organizer: Via Expo. (Themes: energy efficiency, renewable energy, technology)
- 18-21 January 2010, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates: World Future Energy Summit. (Themes: biofuels, renewables, technology)
- 3-5 February 2010, Washington, D.C., USA: RETECH - Renewable Energy Conference & Exhibition - hosted by ACORE (Themes: renewable energy, technology)
- 4-6 May 2010, Washington, D.C., USA: 2010 Good Jobs, Green Jobs National Conference. (Themes: alternative energy, climate change, green economy, green jobs)
- 27 May 2010, Washington, D.C., USA: 13th Annual Congressional Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency EXPO + Forum . (Themes: biofuels, green jobs, policy, renewable energy, technology)
- 14-15 October 2010, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany: Local Renewables Freiburg 2010. (Themes: renewable energy, sustainable mobility, transportation)
- 14-15 October 2010, Memphis, Tennessee: Biomass South 2010. (Themes: renewable energy, bioenergy, biomass)
- 27-29 October 2010, Delhi, India: Delhi International Renewable Energy Conference (DIREC) 2010. (Themes: international cooperation, policies, renewable energy)
- 8-9 December 2010, Washington, D.C., USA: ACORE Phase II of Renewable Energy in America National Policy Forum. (Themes: environment, policies, renewable energy, sustainability)
- 13-14 January 2009, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois: 6th Annual Bioenergy Feedstock Symposium. (Themes: (feedstock, renewable energy)
- 19-21 January 2009, Abu Dhabi, UAE: World Future Energy Summit 2009. (Themes: renewable energy, international policy)
- 26 January 2009 , Bonn, Germany: Conference on the Establishment of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) (Themes: international cooperation, renewable energy)
- 31 March-2 April 2009, Arlington, Virginia (near Washington, D.C.), USA: 5th National 25x'25 Renewable Energy Summit. (Themes: 25 x 25 Alliance, renewable energy, United States)
- 10-12 June 2009, Buenos Aires, Argentina: 4th Biofuel Summit & Expo for Sustainable Biofuels (Themes: funding, conversion technologies, renewable energy)
- 16 June 2009, Washington, DC, United States: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Environmental Change and Security Program event: Healthy Solutions to Climate Change Presentation and discussion with Dr. Paul Epstein, Associate Director, Center for Health and the Global Environment, Harvard Medical School on the potential unintended health and environmental consequences of various alternative energy options. (Themes: bioenergy, public health, renewable energy)
- 15-16 October 2009, Montego Bay, Jamaica: The Caribbean Renewable Energy Forum (PDF file) (Themes: biomass, Caribbean, Latin America, Renewable energy)
- 11-13 March 2008, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States: 4th National 25x'25 Renewable Energy Summit - "Bringing the Vision to Life: Win-Win Solutions for America's Energy Future" (Themes: renewable energy, 25x'25 campaign)
- 19-25 July 2008, Glasgow, UK. World Renewable Energy Congress X and Exhibition 2008. (Theme: renewable energy)
- 3-4 December 2008, Washington, D.C., USA: 7th Annual Phase II of Renewable Energy in America National Policy Forum. (Themes: policy, renewable energy, United States)
- 11-12 December 2008, New Delhi, India: International research conference on household energy interventions in humanitarian settings. (Themes: technology, alternative energy, household)
- Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures Database by the IEA: "The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database covers measures in IEA member countries, Brazil, China, the European Union, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa."
- Global Renewable Energy Policies and Measures Database by the IEA: "The database covers measures in IEA member countries, together with members of the Johannesburg Renewable Energy Coalition (JREC), and Brazil, China, the European Union, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa. Comprising more than 1,000 records dating back to the year 2000 and sometimes earlier, the database provides an excellent source of information on renewable energy policy developments."
- Oettinger tells Europe: It's double or quits on renewables, 31 January 2011 by Euractiv.com: "Europe will have to double its spending on renewables if it wants to meet its 2020 energy commitments, EU Energy Commissioner Günther Oettinger has said."
- "The data showed that EU member states had largely failed to meet the electricity and transport targets they had set themselves for 2010."
- "But the latest figures show that only seven EU countries – Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Lithuania, Poland and Portugal– expect to meet or exceed their 2010 renewables targets, according to their national action plans."
- "To achieve the EU's energy goals, Oettinger called for a doubling of capital investments in renewable energies from €35 billion to €70 billion. This would require a substantial use of national support plans, he stated. But he did not set any time frame for implementation."
- "'If member states work together and produce renewable energy where it costs less, companies, consumers and the taxpayer will benefit from this,' he added."
- "'Unfortunately, the Commission is still dragging its feet on the issue of sustainable biofuels,' Luxembourg Green MEP Claude Turmes said."
- "He called for an urgent introduction of rules to take into account the impact of biofuels on indirect land use change (ILUC)."
- USDA lists bioenergy program awardees, many are biodiesel plants, 24 January 2011 by Biodiesel Magazine/USDA: "Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced new investments in 33 states to support the production and usage of advanced biofuels."
- "Authorized under Section 9005 of the Farm Bill, the Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels authorizes payments to eligible producers to expand production of advanced biofuels."
- "Eligible examples include biofuels derived from cellulose, crop residue, animal, food and yard waste material, biogas (landfill and sewage waste treatment gas), vegetable oil and animal fat."
- "The producer payments are intended to provide a financial incentive to biorefineries – a necessary step towards meeting the nation’s renewable energy needs."
- Some GOP Senators Become Unlikely Allies Of Green Groups In Fight To Gut Ethanol Subsidies, 23 November 2010 by the Huffington Post: "After being elected with a strong mandate to cut spending, all Republicans don't agree on how best to rein in the deficit -- and some have become unlikely allies with green groups in the fight to gut federal subsidies of ethanol."
- "Nathanael Greene, director of renewable energy policy at the Natural Resources Defense Council, said the issue is beyond left and right."
- "Greene said that the money being spent on corn ethanol is money that can't be invested in other clean energy technologies, noting 75 percent of the money the federal government spends on renewables goes to corn ethanol."
- Bioenergy’s Carbon Neutrality Dismissed by Coalition of NGOs, 20 October 2010 by the Energy Collective: "A coalition of environmental organizations has warned that bioenergy is far from being carbon neutral and that related carbon accounting systems currently in place are deceptive."
- "According to Ecosystems Climate Alliance, an alliance of NGOs committed to 'keeping natural terrestrial ecosystems intact and their carbon out of the atmosphere', zero-emission bioenergy is a myth. It blames the loopholes in LULUCF’s (Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry) accounting rules for the misconception."
- "ECA says" that nations "with renewable energy targets allow biomass burners to stay out of emissions accounting, backed by the 'deceptive assumption that prior sequestration is sufficient to neutralize the problem', and give them generous financial incentives for generating 'green energy'. This way they act as serious competition for real renewables like wind and solar, which have much higher unit cost of production."
- "The fact that emissions from logging and burning of biomass are left out of Kyoto Protocol accounting systems, ECA says, creates an 'attractive but misleading way for industrialized countries to appear to be achieving their national emissions reduction targets under the Protocol through substituting bioenergy for fossil fuels. In reality, such substitution results in higher emissions than those from fossil fuel for the same amount of useable energy.'"
- EPA clean air regulations might dim green luster of biomass plants in Oregon and nationwide, 16 September 2010 by OregonLive.com: "Freres Lumber fired up its biomass plant in 2007 as part of the green power rush, banking on tax breaks to generate steam and electricity at its Lyons mill by burning forest slash and mill waste."
- "But proposed rules from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency -- including new regulations on boiler pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from the plants -- could force the company to sample emissions more and put 'pollution controls on top of pollution controls,' Freres executives say."
- "Oregon backers are hoping wood-fired power plants will spur thinning in the state's abundant national forests, create thousands of rural jobs and provide a domestic source of fuel."
- "Even with pollution controls, emissions of carbon dioxide, lung-damaging particulates and other pollutants from burning wood can be greater than burning coal or natural gas. And classifying biomass as renewable power could encourage overdevelopment of wood burning power plants, threatening forests in the long term, critics say."
- "The U.S. Department of Energy expects biomass to supply 14 percent of U.S. electricity by 2030, up from just more than 1 percent now."
- "The arguments tend to run to absolutes, either counting all greenhouse gas emissions from biomass or not counting any. In calling for detailed comments, the EPA signaled it's trying to account for the nuances."
- Fight Gears Up on Biomass, 27 July 2010 by the New York Times "Green" blog: "There is evidently no form of energy, including renewable energy, that lacks opposition. A big spat right now centers on biomass power plants."
- "...the Biomass Accountability Project is trotting out experts in medicine and forestry to argue against such power generators."
- "Margaret Sheehan, a lawyer with the group, says that even if new biomass plants meet all Environmental Protection Agency regulations on air emissions, generation could still endanger human health because the standards are inadequate. For emissions of very small soot particles, she said, 'there is no safe known limit.'"
- Energy Subsidies — Good and Bad, 28 July 2010 editorial by New York Times: "Congress must soon decide whether to extend federal tax subsidies for renewable energy that expire at the end of the year. The subsidies for wind, solar and geothermal energy are necessary to give these energy sources the help they need to compete with oil, coal and natural gas. While it renews those subsidies, Congress should end tax breaks for corn ethanol, which can stand on its own and is of dubious environmental benefit."
- "Ethanol, which in this country is made almost exclusively from corn, has been subsidized since the early 1970s, partly because it increases octane levels while helping to reduce certain pollutants, most notably carbon monoxide."
- "According to the Congressional Budget Office, the price tag last year for the ethanol tax break was about $6 billion."
- "This money mainly benefits refiners and big farmers, and could be better spent elsewhere — perhaps in developing more advanced forms of ethanol from grasses, scrub trees and plant wastes. Corn ethanol can actually increase greenhouse gases if grasslands or forests are ploughed for crop production."
- Global Renewable Capacity Continues to Grow in 2009, Fueled by Policy and Ongoing Investment, 15 July 2010 by REN21: "REN21 is pleased to release its annual publication – the Renewables 2010 Global Status Report (PDF file)".
- "The year 2009 was unprecedented in the history of renewable energy, despite the headwinds posed by the global financial crisis, lower oil prices, and slow progress with climate policy....Annual production of ethanol and biodiesel increased 10% and 9%, respectively, despite layoffs and ethanol plant closures in the United States and Brazil."
- "Highlights of 2009 include:
- "Many countries saw record biomass use. Notable was Sweden, where biomass accounted for a larger share of energy supply than oil for the first time."
- "Biofuels production contributed the energy equivalent of 5% of world gasoline output."
- "Renewable energy has an important role in providing modern energy access to the billions of people in developing countries that continue to depend on more traditional sources of energy, both for households and small industries....More than 30 million households get lighting and cooking from biogas made in household-scale digesters....Biomass cookstoves are used by 40 percent of the world’s population."
- Download the full report, Renewables Global Status Report 2010 (PDF file)
- New Rules May Cloud the Outlook for Biomass, 9 July 2010 by New York Times: "An energy technology that has long been viewed as a clean and climate-friendly alternative to fossil fuels is facing tough new regulatory hurdles that could ultimately hamper its ability to compete with renewable power sources like wind and solar."
- "There is opposition to a proposed biomass power plant in Russell, Mass. Critics of the technology fear the use of wood products for fuel would create a rapacious industry and threaten forests."
- "[A] long-simmering debate in Massachusetts questioning the environmental benefits of biomass has culminated in new rules that will limit what sorts of projects will qualify for renewable energy incentives there....The new proposals would, among other things, require the projects to provide 'significant near-term greenhouse gas dividends.'"
- New Energy Coalition Calls for Passage of Clean Energy Bill, 16 June 2010 by American Wind Energy Association (AWEA): "On the heels of President Obama's June 15 speech calling for clean energy legislation, a new coalition of renewable energy, energy efficiency, and biofuels organizations today called on the U.S. Senate to quickly pass comprehensive energy legislation that will create millions of American jobs and decrease our reliance on foreign supplies of fossil fuels by using our own clean and abundant resources."
- Members of the coalition include "the Biomass Power Association, Growth Energy, the Energy Recovery Council," and others. A letter issued by this coalition reads in part:
- "We urge that the Senate move quickly to consider legislation promoting energy efficiency, renewable energy generation, and biofuels, along with associated manufacturing opportunities."
- "Important programs affecting renewable energy industries, energy efficiency initiatives and biofuels programs are all due to expire this year."
- "Ensuring steady growth of the industries that will solve our climate, water, and waste challenges will be a critical way to address not only near-term employment challenges but our long-term environmental and energy security goals. Renewable energy, energy efficiency, and biofuels can make a significant down payment on carbon pollution targets."
- Members of the coalition include "the Biomass Power Association, Growth Energy, the Energy Recovery Council," and others. A letter issued by this coalition reads in part:
- New publication explains how Europe can harvest more wood to reach its sustainable energy goals by 2020, 18 May 2010 by UNECE: "According to a new publication, if Europe is to achieve its renewable energy objective of 20% by 2020, it must step up the supply of wood from its sustainably managed forests."
- "The publication, Good Practice Guidance on the Sustainable Mobilization of Wood in Europe [PDF file], gives an overview of measures that countries can take to mobilize their wood resources."
- "Good Practice Guidance sets out general principles to be applied in wood mobilization, such as avoiding the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and making a maximum amount of market information available to all the stakeholders."
- "'We hope that this publication will illustrate the enormous potential that wood has for a sustainable energy future,' said Paola Deda, head of the UNECE/FAO Forestry and Timber Section. 'In the European Union today, over 50% of renewable energy sources come from wood'."
- "According to Ms. Deda, 'the publication will particularly contribute to implementing the resolution on "Forests, wood and energy", which was adopted in 2007 by the Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe....It also contributes to the objective of the EU Forest Action Plan to promote the use of forest biomass for energy generation'."
- (U.K.'s largest power station) Drax suspends plan to replace coal with greener fuel, 19 February 2010 by Times Online: "Britain’s biggest power station has suspended its plan to replace coal with greener fuel, leaving the Government little chance of meeting its target for renewable energy."
- "The power station, which is the country’s largest single source of CO2, has invested £80 million in a processing unit for wood, straw and other plant-based fuels, known as biomass."
- "Drax is also one of dozens of companies delaying investments in new biomass power stations because of uncertainty over the Government’s policy on long-term subsidies. Hundreds of farmers growing biomass crops may now struggle to sell their produce."
- "Drax’s decision will make it almost impossible for the Government to meet its commitment to increase the proportion of electricity from renewable sources from 5.5 per cent to 30 per cent by 2020."
- "The Renewable Energy Association said that plans for more than 50 biomass projects, totalling £13 billion of investment, had been suspended because of uncertainty over policy."
- Renewables Interactive Map published by REN21, 6 January 2010 by The Renewable Energy Policy Network REN21: "The Map contains a wealth of information on renewable energy, including support policies, expansion targets, current shares, installed capacity, current production, future scenarios, and policy pledges."
- Irena to locate HQ in carbon-neutral Abu Dhabi city, 30 June 2009 by Engineering News: "The International Renewable Energy Agency (Irena), which was established in January this year, has chosen to locate its headquarters in Abu Dhabi's Masdar City."
- "The city is billed as the world’s first carbon-neutral, zero-waste city, which will be powered entirely by renewable energy."
- "In securing the location for Irena, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) faced competition from Germany, Austria and Denmark, which are all recognized leaders in renewable energy. However, the UAE's ability to serve as a bridge between the developing and developed world; the allure of the world's first carbon-neutral city; and a generous commitment of financial and political support gave Masdar City an edge."
- "Acting as the global voice for renewable energies, Irena would provide practical advice and support for both industrialised and developing countries, help them improve their regulatory frameworks and build capacity."
- Shell halts wind and solar spending in favour of biofuels, 18 March 2009 by BusinessGreen.com: "Oil giant Shell has announced it is to focus its future renewable energy strategy on biofuels and halt investment in technologies such as wind and solar, which it maintains are failing to offer sufficient economic returns."
- Shell "has established itself as the world's largest buyer and blender of biofuels and has increased funding for a number of developers of second generation biofuels over the past year, only this month taking a larger stake in biofuel specialist Codexis."
- "Friends of the Earth (FoE) accused Shell of 'backing the wrong horse' with its focus on biofuels, arguing that they 'often lead to more emissions than the petrol and diesel they replace'."
- US Stimulus Package to Shore up Biofuels Sector, 6 February by Bridges Trade BioRes News Digest:
- "The Obama administration is reaching out to the struggling US ethanol industry with its new American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The stimulus package, which is designed to shock the US economy back into the black, includes several provisions for renewable energy and biofuels industries."
- "In addition to the provisions in the stimulus package, the US Agriculture Department has said it will help bolster the industry by seeking out more efficient means of production. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack says that his department should research, develop, and promote ‘best practices’ to improve efficiency at corn-based ethanol plants. 'We need to make sure that the biofuels industry has the necessary support to survive the recent downturn,' Vilsack said recently." 
- Ethanol Project: Global Recognition for Nigeria, 1 January 2009 by THISDAY:
- "There is no doubt that Nigeria is blazing the trail in renewable energy sector, which ethanol is the final product. The initiative is to stem the effect of global warming, which has become a matter of serious concern dominating local and foreign discourse. Interestingly, a Nigerian company is already making waves in this important sector, which is big business in developed countries of the world."
- "The Global Biofuels Limited, the first biofuels refinery in Nigeria, endorsed by the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), is the company facilitating biofuels production in Nigeria. The company’s investments in ethanol projects have earned Nigeria international recognition."
- New agency to be global 'voice of renewables', 15 December 2008 by Science and Development Network via ENN: "A new agency to be launched next month (26 January) in Bonn, Germany, aims to promote a swift transition towards the use of renewable energy worldwide."
- "The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), which was initially driven by Denmark, Germany and Spain, will be the first worldwide agency solely dedicated to promoting renewable energy, acting as the 'voice of renewable energy', according to its website."
- "It plans to support projects in biomass, hydropower, wind, solar and geothermal energy and biofuels."
| Renewable energy targets|
|Energy concepts: Net energy | Renewable energy|
Energy units of measure | Energy content
Bioenergy | Household energy use (Dung/Manure)
What is bioenergy? | Benefits/Risks | Who is doing what?