Policy implementation in The Netherlands

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Note: This page is part of the EU biofuel policy tracker, created with content provided by the International Council on Clean Transportation

Implementation of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) in The Netherlands.

Policy implementation in EU countries
This page was developed with information supplied by ICCT, the International Council on Clean Transportation (http://www.theicct.org/).
EU biofuel policy tracker:
Implementation of the EU's Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and
Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) in
AustriaBelgiumBulgariaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryIrelandItalyLatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgMaltaThe NetherlandsPolandPortugalRomaniaSlovakiaSloveniaSpainSwedenUnited Kingdom
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  • Note: Information believed to be current as of 1 October 2011.


Overview of the EU Directives

Overview of the two European Union Directives.
Renewable Energy Directive (RED)

  • The Renewable Energy Directive sets mandates for the use of renewable energy in the European Union. This includes a mandatory target for European Member States that 10% of energy in land transport should be from renewable sources by 2020. This renewable energy could be in any form, such as hydrogen or electricity, but it is widely expected that the bulk of the target will be met by the use of biofuels. The Directive includes sustainability criteria (mirrored in the Fuel Quality Directive) that put a minimum threshold on the direct emissions savings from biofuels based on a lifecycle analysis methodology described in the directive, and define categories of high biodiversity and high carbon land that must not be converted for biofuels production. The Directive puts an obligation on European Member States to enforce both the overall targets and the sustainability conditions, and so the legal requirements on economic operators may vary from Member State to Member State. See Renewable Energy Directive.

Fuel Quality Directive

  • The Fuel Quality Directive includes a mandatory target that the carbon intensity of transport fuel supplied in Europe should be reduced by 6% in 2020 compared to the baseline. It is anticipated that the bulk of this saving will be achieved with biofuels, but electric vehicles and other low carbon vehicle technologies may also be important. There may also be recognition available for reduced emissions intensity from fossil fuel supply, such as by reduced flaring emissions. The 6% target is intended to be achievable by any economic operator supplying all of its mandated 10% renewable energy under the Renewable Energy Directive as biofuel with an average carbon saving of 60%. See Fuel Quality Directive.


The Netherlands’ Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment has entrusted the Netherlands Emissions Authority to regulate the nation’s biofuel objectives in compliance with the Renewable Energy Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive. 2011 was the first reporting year for all suppliers of road transport fuels.

Policy name(s)

Type of policy


Implementing authority

The Netherlands Emissions Authority [1]

Year introduced

2011 [2]


First reporting due Sept 1, 2011 [2]

Scheme website


  • 2011: 4:25%
  • 2012: 4.5%
  • 2013: 5%
  • 2014: 5.5%
  • 2020: 10%
  • In 2014 new targets will be set for 2014-2020. [1]

Legally obligated parties, opt-in parties and compliance pathways

Suppliers of transport fuels (gasoline, diesel, biofuels) [1]


Greenhouse gas emissions

Biofuels must result in lower greenhouse gas emissions throughout their production chain than comparable fossil fuels. [1]

Life-cycle analysis (LCA)


GHG emissions from ILUC

Mandatory environmental criteria on land types

Biofuel production must protect the following land types: land with high biodiversity such as primary forest or other wooded land, protected areas and areas with rare, threatened or endangered ecosystems or species and natural or non-natural grasslands with high biodiversity; land with high carbon stocks, such as wetlands, continually forested areas and bogs. [1]

Additional environmental and social reporting requirements

System for verifying carbon and sustainability claims

The sustainability of biofuels must be verified by an independent auditor.

Reporting system

Prior to January 1, 2013, companies must create reports using government-made spreadsheets and send these to the Netherlands Emissions Agency. After January 1, 2013, the NEA will create an automated central register through which companies will be able to report online. [1]

Double reward for cellulosic biofuels, use of wastes and residues

Double counting is allowed for certain types of biofuels. [1]

Eligible feedstocks

Credit trading

Credit trading is possible by buying “biotickets” from other companies. [1]

Aviation and shipping


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Handhavingskader hernieuwbare energie in de vervoersector. The Netherlands Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment. 2011-06-24. Accessed on 2011-12-09.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Netherlands sets biofuels mandates through 2014 Biofuels Digest. 2011-06-08. Accessed on 2011-12-09.
Policy implementation in EU countries edit
European Union policy - European Biofuels Directive | EU member states biofuel targets
EU biofuel policy tracker -- Implementation of the EU's Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) in:
AustriaBelgiumBulgariaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryIrelandItalyLatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgMaltaThe NetherlandsPolandPortugalRomaniaSlovakiaSloveniaSpainSwedenUnited Kingdom
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Template:The Netherlands


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