Policy implementation in France

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Note: This page is part of the EU biofuel policy tracker, created with content provided by the International Council on Clean Transportation

Implementation of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) in France.

Policy implementation in EU countries
This page was developed with information supplied by ICCT, the International Council on Clean Transportation (http://www.theicct.org/).
EU biofuel policy tracker:
Implementation of the EU's Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and
Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) in
AustriaBelgiumBulgariaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryIrelandItalyLatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgMaltaThe NetherlandsPolandPortugalRomaniaSlovakiaSloveniaSpainSwedenUnited Kingdom
(Template for country information)
  • Note: Information believed to be current as of 1 October 2011.


Overview of the EU Directives

Overview of the two European Union Directives.
Renewable Energy Directive (RED)

  • The Renewable Energy Directive sets mandates for the use of renewable energy in the European Union. This includes a mandatory target for European Member States that 10% of energy in land transport should be from renewable sources by 2020. This renewable energy could be in any form, such as hydrogen or electricity, but it is widely expected that the bulk of the target will be met by the use of biofuels. The Directive includes sustainability criteria (mirrored in the Fuel Quality Directive) that put a minimum threshold on the direct emissions savings from biofuels based on a lifecycle analysis methodology described in the directive, and define categories of high biodiversity and high carbon land that must not be converted for biofuels production. The Directive puts an obligation on European Member States to enforce both the overall targets and the sustainability conditions, and so the legal requirements on economic operators may vary from Member State to Member State. See Renewable Energy Directive.

Fuel Quality Directive

  • The Fuel Quality Directive includes a mandatory target that the carbon intensity of transport fuel supplied in Europe should be reduced by 6% in 2020 compared to the baseline. It is anticipated that the bulk of this saving will be achieved with biofuels, but electric vehicles and other low carbon vehicle technologies may also be important. There may also be recognition available for reduced emissions intensity from fossil fuel supply, such as by reduced flaring emissions. The 6% target is intended to be achievable by any economic operator supplying all of its mandated 10% renewable energy under the Renewable Energy Directive as biofuel with an average carbon saving of 60%. See Fuel Quality Directive.


  • France is party to RED and FQD and has set targets for the use of renewables in energy by sector that exceed the targets in the EU directives; however, France has not yet implemented any major policies promoting the use of renewable energies.

Policy name(s)

Type of policy

  • No major policies promoting renewable energy have been implemented in France to date.

Implementing authority

Year introduced


Scheme website


  • France has an overall target for the share of renewables in total energy to be 23% by 2020, and for the share in transport to be 10.5% by 2020. Yearly targets for the share of renewables in total energy are: 13.5%, 14%, 15%, 16%, 17%, 18%, 19.5%, 20.5%, 22%, and 23% for 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020, respectively, Yearly targets for the share of renewables in transport are: 6.9%, 7.2%, 7.5%, 7.6%, 7.7%, 8.4%, 8.8%, 9.4%, 10%, and 10.5% for 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020, respectively. [1]

Legally obligated parties, opt-in parties and compliance pathways


Greenhouse gas emissions

Life-cycle analysis (LCA)


GHG emissions from ILUC

Mandatory environmental criteria on land types

  • Will follow in line with RED and FQD. [1]

Additional environmental and social reporting requirements

  • Changes in land use are overseen by the Spatial Planning Minister.[1]

System for verifying carbon and sustainability claims

  • Will be verified by an independent auditor.[1]

Reporting system

Double reward for cellulosic biofuels, use of wastes and residues

Eligible feedstocks

Credit trading

Aviation and shipping


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 National action plan for the promotion of renewable energies 2009-2020 In accordance with Article 4 of European Union Directive 2009/28/EC Ministere de l'Ecologie, de l'Energie, du Developpement durable et de la Mer. 2010. Accessed on 2011-12-22.
Policy implementation in EU countries edit
European Union policy - European Biofuels Directive | EU member states biofuel targets
EU biofuel policy tracker -- Implementation of the EU's Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) in:
AustriaBelgiumBulgariaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryIrelandItalyLatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgMaltaThe NetherlandsPolandPortugalRomaniaSlovakiaSloveniaSpainSwedenUnited Kingdom
Template for country information
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