Policy implementation in Belgium

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Note: This page is part of the EU biofuel policy tracker, created with content provided by the International Council on Clean Transportation

Implementation of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) in Belgium.

Policy implementation in EU countries
This page was developed with information supplied by ICCT, the International Council on Clean Transportation (http://www.theicct.org/).
EU biofuel policy tracker:
Implementation of the EU's Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and
Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) in
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  • Note: Information believed to be current as of 1 October 2011.


Overview of the EU Directives

Overview of the two European Union Directives.
Renewable Energy Directive (RED)

  • The Renewable Energy Directive sets mandates for the use of renewable energy in the European Union. This includes a mandatory target for European Member States that 10% of energy in land transport should be from renewable sources by 2020. This renewable energy could be in any form, such as hydrogen or electricity, but it is widely expected that the bulk of the target will be met by the use of biofuels. The Directive includes sustainability criteria (mirrored in the Fuel Quality Directive) that put a minimum threshold on the direct emissions savings from biofuels based on a lifecycle analysis methodology described in the directive, and define categories of high biodiversity and high carbon land that must not be converted for biofuels production. The Directive puts an obligation on European Member States to enforce both the overall targets and the sustainability conditions, and so the legal requirements on economic operators may vary from Member State to Member State. See Renewable Energy Directive.

Fuel Quality Directive

  • The Fuel Quality Directive includes a mandatory target that the carbon intensity of transport fuel supplied in Europe should be reduced by 6% in 2020 compared to the baseline. It is anticipated that the bulk of this saving will be achieved with biofuels, but electric vehicles and other low carbon vehicle technologies may also be important. There may also be recognition available for reduced emissions intensity from fossil fuel supply, such as by reduced flaring emissions. The 6% target is intended to be achievable by any economic operator supplying all of its mandated 10% renewable energy under the Renewable Energy Directive as biofuel with an average carbon saving of 60%. See Fuel Quality Directive.


  • Belgium has created yearly targets for the use of renewable energy in transport and other sectors from now until 2020 in accordance with the Renewable Energy Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive. However, their biofuel blending policy (2009-2011) has expired and must be renewed.

Policy name(s)

  • The "Mandatory blending of sustainable biofuels" policy has expired: 01/07/2009 - 30/06/2011.
  • The "Tax exempt quotas for sustainable biofuels" policy is still in effect: 01/11/2006 - 30/09/2013. [1]

If you know of a current mandate for biofuel blending that covers the present through 2020, please enter this information here.

Type of policy

  • Mandate

Implementing authority

  • At the federal level, the implementing authority is the Directorate-General for the Environment of the Health, Food ChainSafety and Environment Federal Public Service. At the regional level, VREG is responsible in the Flemish region, CWaPE is responsible in the Walloon region, and BRUGEL is responsible in the Brussels Capital region. [1]

Year introduced

  • 2009 (this policy has expired) [1]


  • Expired - must be renewed to 2020. [1]

Scheme website


  • Belgium's target for the share of renewables in total energy use in 2020 is 13%, and for the use of renewables in transport energy is 10.14%. By year, the targets for the share of renewables in total energy use are 4.4%, 5.2%, 5.8%, 6.8%, 7.5%, 8.6%, 9.5%, 10.7%, 11.9%, and 13% for 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020, respectively. By year, the targets for the share of renewables in transport are: 3.8%, 4.8%, 4.8%, 5.7%, 5.8%, 6.3%, 6.5%, 7.9%, 9.0%, and 10.14% for 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020, respectively. [1]

Legally obligated parties, opt-in parties and compliance pathways

  • Oil corporations. [1]


  • The Belgian government intends to implement sustainability criteria in accordance with the RED and FQD by means of a Royal Decree issued under the Act on Product Standards (Act of 21 December 1998), which will amend the Decree of 4 March 2005 on the names and characteristics of biofuels. [1]

Greenhouse gas emissions

Life-cycle analysis (LCA)


GHG emissions from ILUC

  • ILUC emissions are not included in the sustainability criteria at this time, but the criteria may be amended to account for iLUC emissions in the future as more information becomes available. [1]

Mandatory environmental criteria on land types

Additional environmental and social reporting requirements

  • There are additional environmental criteria in each region; each region has its own nature conservation laws. For example, The Nature Conservation Act of 12 July 1973, amended by the Natura 2000 Decree of 28 November 2001, outlines the general regulatory framework for the protected zones in the Walloon region. [1]

System for verifying carbon and sustainability claims

  • Compliance of the production of biofuels with the sustainability criteria will be verified by independent bodies "on the basis of a European quality system such as the one developed by CEN TC 383." These bodies will be accredited in Belgium and will be required to report to the authorities on a regular basis. [1]

Reporting system

Double reward for cellulosic biofuels, use of wastes and residues

Eligible feedstocks

Credit trading

Aviation and shipping


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 Belgium National Renewable Energy Action Plan pursuant to Directive 2009/28/EC CONCERE-ENOVER. 2010. Accessed on 2011-12-22.

Policy implementation in EU countries edit
European Union policy - European Biofuels Directive | EU member states biofuel targets
EU biofuel policy tracker -- Implementation of the EU's Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) in:
AustriaBelgiumBulgariaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryIrelandItalyLatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgMaltaThe NetherlandsPolandPortugalRomaniaSlovakiaSloveniaSpainSwedenUnited Kingdom
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