International Energy Agency
The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an international organization which is an autonomous unit within the OECD that "acts as energy policy advisor to 28 member countries in their effort to ensure reliable, affordable and clean energy for their citizens."
- IEA Bioenergy is one of various "Implementing Agreements" that define the tasks of the IEA. IEA Bioenergy was established in 1978 by the International Energy Agency "with the aim of improving cooperation and information exchange between countries that have national programmes in bioenergy research, development and deployment."
IEA Task Force 40: FAIRBiotrade
IEA Bioenergy has 11 tasks, of which one is Task 40: Sustainable International Bioenergy Trade: Securing Supply and Demand.
- Objective: "Developing the sustainable bioenergy market is a long-term process. Therefore it is necessary to structure the path towards it. This Task aims in its first working period (1-3 year) on results that will create insights in information, decision factors and preconditions for the medium-term (4-10 year) results."
- Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures Database "The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database covers measures in IEA member countries, Brazil, China, the European Union, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa."
- Global Renewable Energy Policies and Measures Database "The database covers measures in IEA member countries, together with members of the Johannesburg Renewable Energy Coalition (JREC), and Brazil, China, the European Union, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa. Comprising more than 1,000 records dating back to the year 2000 and sometimes earlier, the database provides an excellent source of information on renewable energy policy developments."
- 15-16 September 2010, Paris, France: Sustainable feedstock supply for bioenergy and biofuels. Organized by the IEA. (Themes: biomass, land, sustainability, trade)
- Biofuels need a $ 13-trillion investment - I.E.A report, 25 April 2011 by EcoSeed: "Biofuels play an important role in slashing carbon dioxide emissions if produced via the right technology and method, but this entails an investment worth as much as $13 trillion, a report from the International Energy Agency showed."
- "The I.E.A. report presented the sustainability issues surrounding biofuel production, as the agency deemed biofuels a key solution to the rising demand for transport fuel along with the growing transport sector."
- "Biofuels, which are mainly composed of bioethanol from either maize or sugarcane and biodiesel from palm or rape seed oil, currently provide around 2 percent of the global demand for fuel."
- "Citing the negative impacts of biofuel expansion on food security as one of the pressing issues, the report stressed the importance of supporting research and development to explore ways of efficiently using biomass."
- "I.E.A. director Bo Diczfalusy said both private investments and government support through policies, which can increase business confidence in the industry, are seen as essential means to pull the required financial resources over the next 40 years."
- IEA: Biofuels could supply 27 per cent of transport fuel by 2050, 21 April 2011 by Business Green: "Up to $13tn (£8tr) of investment is required to ensure that sustainable biofuels make up more than a quarter of all transport fuel by 2050, according to a new report by the International Energy Agency (IEA) which argues that emerging biofuel technologies could deliver deep cuts in carbon emissions and improvements in energy security."
- "The Biofuels for Transport report says that most biofuel technologies could cost the same, or even less, than fossil fuels."
- "Around three billion tonnes of biomass, along with a further billion tonnes of biomass residues and wastes, and supplementary production from around 100 million hectares of land, would be needed each year to meet the 2050 targets set out in the report."
- "The IEA expects the majority of new biofuels to come from second-generation technologies, such as cellulosic ethanol, which is derived from wood, straw and other waste materials, and can be be produced without eating into agricultural land."
- Read the full IEA Technology Roadmap: Biofuels for Transport Report (PDF).
- IEA Bioenergy Annual Report Highlights Algal Biofuels Status and Prospects, 16 March 2011 by IISD Reporting Services: "The International Energy Agency’s (IEA) IEA Bioenergy has released its 'IEA Bioenergy 2010 Annual Report,' with a special feature on 'Algal Biofuels Status and Prospects.'"
- "The special feature emphasizes that despite recent enthusiasm over these biofuels, they remain at a pre-commercial ‘proof of concept’ phase, although they warrant investment in further research, development and demonstration. Of the production methods reviewed, authors found that photobioreactors are generally more costly than raceway pond algae production facilities....[T]he report concludes that algal biofuels are unlikely to be able to displace a large fraction of liquid fossil fuels."
- Download the IEA Bioenergy 2010 Annual Report
- IEA report examines second-generation biofuel challenges, 10 March 2009 by Biomass Magazine: The International Energy Agency "has released a report examining the current first- and second-generation biofuel industries and the challenges at-hand for second-generation biofuel development and commercialization. The report's researchers have concluded that while many technical challenges remain for second-generation biofuels, a steady transition from first- to second-generation biofuels is expected in the near- to mid-future."
- "According to the report, the transition to an integrated first- and second-generation biofuels industry will most likely be spread over the next one to two decades and will require continued significant governmental support."
- "Based on various company announcements, the IEA determined that the first commercial-scale second-generation facilities could be up and running by 2012...and that 'the first commercial plants are unlikely to be widely deployed before 2015 or 2020.'"
- See the full IEA report, From 1st- to 2nd-Generation Biofuel Technologies - An Overview of Current Industry and RD&D Activities.
- International Bioenergy Trade - scenario study on international biomass markets in 2020 (.pdf), Jussi Heinimö, Virpi Pakarinen, Ville Ojanen and Tuomo Kässi; Lappeenranta University of Technology, Research Report 181, prepared for the IEA Bioenergy Task 40, 2007.
- Overview of recent developments in sustainable biomass certification (draft)(pdf) by Jinke van Dam, Martin Junginger, André Faaij, Ingmar Jürgens, Gustavo Best, Uwe Fritsche; IEA Bioenergy Task 40, December 2006.
- Sustainability of Brazilian Bioethanol (PDF)by Edward Smeets, Martin Junginger, André Faaij (Utrecht University);Arnaldo Walter, Paulo Dolzan (State University of Campinas); commissioned by SenterNovem, The Netherlands Agency for Sustainable Development and Innovation, August 2006.
- The impact of sustainability criteria on the costs and potentials of bioenergy production (pdf) by Edward Smeets, André Faaij and Iris Lewandowski; Copernicus Institute, part of the FAIR Biotrade project funded by the Dutch electricity company Essent N.V. and NOVEM (Netherlands Organisation for Energy and the Environment), May 2005.
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