European Union policies on biofuels
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- The EU has a binding target of a 20% share of renewable energies in overall EU energy consumption by 2020.
- The EU has approved a binding biofuels mandate of 10% by 2020
- "The binding character of this target is appropriate subject to production being sustainable, second-generation biofuels becoming commercially available and the Fuel Quality Directive being amended accordingly to allow for adequate levels of blending."
- Public Consultation on Biofuels. The European Commission is accepting comments on the following questions as they draft proposals for the 10% mandate for biofuels and the 20% mandate for renewable energy.
- How should a biofuel sustainability system be designed?
- How should overall effects on land use be monitored?
- How should the use of second-generation biofuels be encouraged?
- What further action is needed to make it possible to achieve a 10% biofuel share?
- The European Biofuels Directive (2003/30/EC), (May 2003).
- Stricter fuel standards to combat climate change and reduce air pollution - The new fuel standards, which require suppliers to reduce GHG emissions per unit of energy by 1% a year from 2010 levels, will require a Life-Cycle Analysis of biofuels to determine if they actually provide a benefit in reducing greenhouse gases.
- Biomass Action Plan of the European Commission (July 2005). Covers the use of biomass for heating, electricity, biofuels for transport, and cross-cutting issues, like supply and legislative issues.
- Go here for a table of EU member states biofuel targets.
- Green Paper: A European Strategy for Sustainable, Competitive and Secure Energy (PDF)
- Declaration European Regions for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Sources - Commitments to renewable energy by regional and local governments in Europe.
Member state policy
- The Transport Biofuels Act - Mandates 2% biofuels from 2007, which will increase to 5.75% in 2010.
- Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation
- Starting in 2008 the RTFO will "place an obligation on fuel suppliers to ensure that a certain percentage of their aggregate sales is made up of biofuels. The effect of this will be to require 5% of all UK fuel sold on UK forecourts to come from a renewable source by 2010."
- Renewable Fuel Certificates will be issued, which can be traded by companies.
- Biofuel producers will have to report on the green-house gas balance, and environmental impact of their biofuels.
- This information will be used to develop sustainability standards, which may be imposed on any extension of the RTFO.
- Statement by the UK Transportation Minister on Sustainability and the Renewable Transport Fuels Obligation
- European biofuel policies in retrospect (pdf) by E. van Thuijl and E.P. Deurwaarder; Energy Research Center of the Netherlands, May 2006.
- ↑ http://www.consilium.europa.eu/ueDocs/cms_Data/docs/pressdata/en/ec/93135.pdf the Presidency Conclusions of the Brussels European Council (8/9 March 2007
- ↑ http://www.consilium.europa.eu/ueDocs/cms_Data/docs/pressData/en/trans/92802.pdf EU Energy Ministers Approve Binding Biofuels Mandate (pdf) (press release)]
- ↑ http://www.gave.novem.nl/figuur025/accijnsvrijstelling_eng.html#beleid_2
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/roads/environment/rtfo/
|European Union policies on biofuels||edit|
| European Biofuels Directive (2003)|
Countries: The Netherlands: The Transport Biofuels Act | United Kingdom: Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation
| European Union policy - European Biofuels Directive | EU member states biofuel targets|
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